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Results for cube crushing on effect of palm kernel shell ash on the property of concrete

May 29, 2014 3.1. Properties of Fresh Concrete (Workability) Slump test was carried out to determine the consistency of fresh concrete. The effect of original and crushed OPS species and age category on the slump values of fresh concrete specimens is summarized in Figure 7.The specimens were tested immediately after mixing as well as at 10, 20, and 30 min to determine the slump loss of the mixtures

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  • A Study on the Utilization of Coconut Shell as Coarse

    A Study on the Utilization of Coconut Shell as Coarse

    coconut and palm kernel shells as substitutes for conventional coarse aggregate in gradation of 0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100%. It was observed that the compressive strength of the concrete decreased as the percentage of the shells increased in the mixes. However, concrete obtained from coconut shell

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  • The Effect of Different Parameters on the Development of

    The Effect of Different Parameters on the Development of

    This paper presents the experimental results of an on-going research project on geopolymer lightweight concrete using two locally available waste materials—low calcium fly ash (FA) and oil palm shell (OPS)—as the binder and lightweight coarse aggregate, respectively. OPS was pretreated with three different alkaline solutions of sodium hydroxide (NaOH), potassium hydroxide, and sodium

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  • Utilization of oil palm kernel shell as lightweight

    Utilization of oil palm kernel shell as lightweight

    This paper reviews previous research carried out on the use of oil palm kernel shell (OPKS) as lightweight aggregate (LWA). OPKS is a waste material obtained during the extraction of palm oil by crushing of the palm nut in the palm oil mills. It is one of the most abundantly produced waste materials in South East Asia and Africa; OPKS has been experimented in research as lightweight aggregates

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  • Effect of Guinea Corn Husk Ash as Partial Replacement

    Effect of Guinea Corn Husk Ash as Partial Replacement

    In the case of Palm Kernel Shell Ash (PKSA) Concrete, it was reported that the compressive strength did not exceed that of plain concrete. The results showed that 10% of the PKSA in replacement

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  • Performance evaluation of palm oil clinker as coarse

    Performance evaluation of palm oil clinker as coarse

    Jan 20, 2016 The wastes from palm oil industries are OPS, empty fruit bunches, palm oil fibres and palm oil fuel ash. Research works on the use of OPS as lightweight coarse aggregate in the development of lightweight aggregate concrete has been well established since 1984 ( Abdullah, 1984 )

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  • Effectof Pit Sandon Compressive Strength of Coconut Shell

    Effectof Pit Sandon Compressive Strength of Coconut Shell

    The average fresh concrete density and 28-day cube compressive strength of the concrete using coconut shell aggregate were 1975 kg/m 3 and 19.1 N/mm 2 respectively

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  • Effect of aggregate type on Compressive strength of concrete

    Effect of aggregate type on Compressive strength of concrete

    This paper presents the results of an investigation carried out on the comparative cost analysis and strength characteristics of concrete produced using crushed, granular coconut and palm kernel

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  • Hilmi Bin Mahmud's research works | University of Malaya

    Hilmi Bin Mahmud's research works | University of Malaya

    The effect of cement replacement with type F fly ash at 0%, 10%, 30% and 50% on some engineering properties of an oil palm shell (OPS) high strength lightweight concrete was investigated

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  • Structural behaviour ofreinforced palm kernel shell

    Structural behaviour ofreinforced palm kernel shell

    found. The results ofPKS are shown inTable 3. Table I. Details of beams tested in flexure and shear. Table 3. Physical property of palm kernel shells. Beam Type of No of Properties Values designation Material test beams aid* FB-PI PKSFC Flexure I 3.11 Size (mm) 2-15 FB-NI NWC Flexure I 3.11 Thickness (mm) 1.0-3.0 SH-PI &P2 PKSFC Shear 2

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  • Oil palm shell lightweight concrete as a ductile material

    Oil palm shell lightweight concrete as a ductile material

    Apr 01, 2012 Effect of aggregate size and proportion on strength properties of palm kernel shell concrete Int J Phys Sci , 5 ( 12 ) ( 2010 ) , pp. 1848 - 1856 View Record in Scopus Google Scholar

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  • Efficacy of palm oil fuel ash as filler on mechanical

    Efficacy of palm oil fuel ash as filler on mechanical

    Jan 12, 2021 The addition of pozzolanic materials into concrete enhances the different properties of concrete matrix. The by-product from palm oil (PO) industries palm oil fuel ash (POFA) can be utilized into aerated concrete (AC) due to its pozzolanic properties. The study presents the effects of POFA on strength in compression and flexure, toughness and, elasticity modulus of aerated concrete with 1300

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  • Influence of Fly Ash, Bottom Ash, and Light Expanded Clay

    Influence of Fly Ash, Bottom Ash, and Light Expanded Clay

    Feb 10, 2015 Invention of new methods in strengthening concrete is under work for decades. Developing countries like India use the extensive reinforced construction works materials such as fly ash and bottom ash and other ingredients in RCC construction. In the construction industry, major attention has been devoted to the use of fly ash and bottom ash as cement and fine aggregate replacements

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  • INFLUENCE OF SELECTED CURING TECHNIQUES ON

    INFLUENCE OF SELECTED CURING TECHNIQUES ON

    Palm kernel shell ash was utilized in a 1:2:4 mix ratio as a partial substitute for ordinary Portland cement (OPC) at percentage levels of 0%, 10%, and 15%. River sand with particles passing a 4

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  • (PDF) Effect of Palm Kernel Shell (PKS) as Coarse

    (PDF) Effect of Palm Kernel Shell (PKS) as Coarse

    However, the maximum compressive strength of the concrete cubes was 20.63N/mm 2 at 95% crushed granite and 5% PKS and the minimum is 6.08N/mm 2 when Palm kernel Shell is

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  • Compressive strength of concrete with palm kernel shell as

    Compressive strength of concrete with palm kernel shell as

    Mar 14, 2019 Yusuf IT, Babatunde YO, Abdullah A (2018) Investigation on flexural strength of palm kernel shell concrete for structural application. Malays J Civ Eng 30(2):268–281. Google Scholar 20. Elnaz K et al (2017) Comparing the effects of oil palm kernel shell and cockle shell on properties of pervious concrete pavement

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  • Palm kernel shell as a lightweight aggregate in concrete

    Palm kernel shell as a lightweight aggregate in concrete

    Jan 01, 1990 An artificial aggregate, the plam kernel shell obtained from palm nut, can be classified as organic lightweight aggregate. Tests on the concrete made with this material as coarse aggregate, show a density range of 1450 kg m −3 to 1750 kg m −3, which classifies it as lightweight concrete.Compressive strength results of the concrete show that there is increase in strength with

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  • Investigation of the Strength Properties of Palm Kernel

    Investigation of the Strength Properties of Palm Kernel

    compounds. Palm kernel shell ash (PKSA) is a by-product in palm oil mills. This ash has pozzolanic properties that enables it as a partial replacement for cement but also plays an important role in the strength and durability of concrete. The use of palm kernel shell ash (PKSA) as a partial replacement for cement in concrete is investigated

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  • Effect of Palm Oil Fuel Ash (POFA) on Strength Properties

    Effect of Palm Oil Fuel Ash (POFA) on Strength Properties

    A.2 Palm Oil Fuel Ash (POFA) Palm Oil Fuel Ash is the product of burning palm oil husk and palm kernel shell in the palm oil mill. POFA obtained from Oil Palm India Limited, Kottayam in Kerala was used in the investigation. The specific gravity of Palm oil fuel ash was 1.65.The chemical

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  • ANNALS of Faculty Engineering Hunedoara –

    ANNALS of Faculty Engineering Hunedoara –

    Portland cement in the mix was partially replaced by weight with palm kernel shell ash (PKSA). The proportion of palm kernel shell ash in the mix was between 0% and 50% at interval of 5%. The water cement ratio was kept constant for each mix at all proportions of palm kernel shell ash to the cement. A total of one hundred and twenty (120) 150 x 150 x 150 mm cube specimens and eighty (80) 300 x

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  • A new method of producing high strength oil palm shell

    A new method of producing high strength oil palm shell

    Dec 01, 2011 Okafor [7] reported that the maximum compressive strength of concrete produced using palm kernel shell aggregate is approximately 25–30 MPa. Basri et al. [8] used freshly discarded OPS in their study. They found that the compressive strength of OPS concrete is about 50% less than ordinary concrete

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